Skin Pigmentation




Do you notice those marks left on your face after your acne is healed?

Or the marks that you have after injury or burns?

Can you guess what it is?

Well, this is exactly what this blog will be about.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation.

That is quite a long name and it is difficult to remember, right?

But yes, this is what you are going through.

From the clinic of the best dermatologist in Ahmedabad, Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics will help you educate about it.

These marks might or might not bother you.

But when you think about it at night, don’t you think to get rid of them as you wake up?

Well they can’t vanish overnight but we can help you get rid of them over time.

We believe that getting to know the problem is the first step to solving it.

So, here we go.

What is Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)?

Darkening of the skin in an area of prior injury or skin condition is caused by the excess pigment (melanin) left over from the healing process, known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

It’s also possible that the darkening is caused by an iron pigment that’s left behind after old red blood cells die.

This condition looks like discoloration of the skin that is flat and dark.

Depending on your skin tone and the depth of the discoloration, it may appear white, pink, red, purple, brown, or black.

PIH can affect any skin type or sex.

People with medium to dark complexions, on the other hand, experience it more severely and for a longer period.

Sometimes it is confused with acne scarring but these cannot be called scars as they can go away over time.

Whereas, if you have acne scars, your hair follicles are damaged.

If you suffer from acne you should check out the blog about acne scars to prevent them in the future.

Because those scars can stay forever.

So yes, PIH and acne scars are confused but both are different conditions.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics plans on spreading more awareness about dermatological issues.

The more people are aware of their skin, the more they will take it seriously.

So, the next thing we bring is what could cause PIH?

Let’s have a look.

Causes of Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

When the skin becomes inflamed as a result of a lesion or irritation, such as a scratch, rash, or acne, PIH occurs.

The skin develops an excessive amount of melanin, the pigment that gives the skin its color, as it heals.

These are the reasons for the cause of excessive melanin production:

  • Sun exposure or Sunburn
  • Acne or popping acne
  • Rashes
  • Burns
  • Allergies
  • Infections

The PIH caused by these factors can be extremely stubborn as they directly affect your epidermis (top layer of the skin) and the dermis (middle layer of the skin.

So you need the right advice from a dermatologist who examines and understands your skin thoroughly.

And if you don’t know how to choose a dermatologist , we have the perfect answer for you.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics can take care of that quite well because we want people to like their skin.

And we encourage it with the right treatment or consultation.

Treatments for Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Well, we have a piece of good news for you.

PIH can fade over time. But time depends from person to person.

There are too many ’buts’ in this situation.

It can take years for PIH to fade, the darker the mark, the longer it will take.

To speed up this process of fading we also have treatments to recommend to you.

That makes it 2 pieces of good news!

So, without any wait, these are the treatments for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation:

  • Topical and Over-the-Counter Treatments

    If you have some subtle PIH marks, over-the-counter products can actually help you vanish them.

    But if the PIH is deeper prescription topical treatments will be necessary:
    – Retinoids
    – Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
    – Hydroquinone
    – Azelaic Acid

    These topical treatments exfoliate or brighten your skin on a deeper level.

    But it is always necessary to consult a dermatologist before using them because they might irritate the skin if they don’t suit you.

  • Chemical Peels

    Chemical peels are a simple yet effective approach to address PIH as well as other skin flaws including wrinkles and creases.

    The procedure entails applying specially formulated chemicals to the skin.

    These peels cause a controlled form of damage, removing the PIH-affected outer layers of skin and revealing skin with enhanced texture and look.

    Chemical peels are classified according to their substances and concentrations.

    And what chemical peel will be used on you is determined by the dermatologist after examining your skin.

  • Laser Therapy

    Laser therapy is a procedure that involves accurately removing skin layer by layer using short, concentrated pulsating light beams.

    The regions of skin that have PIH are removed using this type of controlled harm.

    And new skin cells and proteins are stimulated to develop, leaving you with smooth, clear, radiant skin.

PIH medical procedures can be combined with medical procedures in order to produce the best results.

But taking an action on your own might make it worse for you.

A Word from Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics…

Living with the condition of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation might not affect you physically as it does not cause any pain or discomfort.

But your mental health is important too.

And it might start deteriorating because of PIH.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics does not want that.

Temporarily you can cover these marks with makeup.

But that might make you feel even worse.

And so the perfect treatments exist for you as we mentioned above.

So whether you hesitate or not, consulting a dermatologist will help you.

Because your questions need to be heard. Book an appointment today!

Acne Scar Treatment Dermal Filler Treatment Skin Pigmentation




Do you still remember those scars at night? Do they still haunt you?

It could be anything, from an accident, a fight, or just acne scars.

But they still take a toll on your mind, don’t they?

In this guide, we’ll help you learn about facial scars and facial scar treatments.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics understands your skin well and helps you understand it better too with the help of the best dermatologist in Ahmedabad.

As we all know, skin protects all our body’s assets from external factors.

It can get scarred in the process of that protection.

For Example, a piece of silk.

If it tears in any case, it cannot go back to how it used to be.

But in this case, your burn, injury, or other trauma which has caused a scar can be corrected.

Now small facial scars are easy to conceal.

But what about the deep and big scars?

The answer is facial scar treatments as we mentioned earlier.

So without any further wait, let’s get into it.

How Does the Scarring Take Place?

You remember how you got hurt right? You wished it to heal as soon as possible.

But, this healing is what leaves the scars behind.

Scars are just a process of healing your injury.

The skin heals itself by producing new tissue to bring the wound together and fill in any gaps left by the injury.

Collagen is the most common protein found in scar tissue.

What can be the signs of these scars?

Let’s have a look.

On lighter skin, scars are frequently pink or red when they initially appear.

The pinkish tone diminishes with time, and the scar turns noticeably darker or lighter than the skin.

Scars may look like dark spots on people with dark skin.

Scars can itch and be uncomfortable or irritating at times.

Do you wonder why has your scar not disappeared yet?

Because the scar depends on many factors.

These are:

  • A type of scar caused by an injury or an event, such as surgery, a burn, or severe acne.
  • The wound’s size, severity, and placement on the face.
  • Stitches or bandages are used to treat the wound.
  • Your age, genes, ethnicity, and overall health are all factors to consider.

The treatment of facial scars depends on their type.

What is the Type of Facial Scars?

  • Atrophic Scars

    These scars resemble spherical pits or minor skin irregularities and are also known as depressed scars.

    Chickenpox or acne are common causes of atrophic scars.

    The types of atrophic scars are ice pick scars, rolling scars, and boxcar scars.

    The skin gradually loses collagen and flexibility as you age and acne scars may become more visible.

  • Contracture Scars

    Contracture scars often develop after a burn injury.

    They cause the skin to tighten and could lead to skin contraction which makes your skin hard to move.

    As this scarring can occur over muscles, nerves, or joints, it can affect the face in different ways.

    For Example, difficulty moving your jaw as it is a hinge joint.

  • Hypertrophic and Keloid Scars

    When you run your finger over a hypertrophic scar, you can feel it.

    These elevated scars may reduce in size over time, but they never completely disappear.

    Keloid scars are raised above the skin’s surface and extend beyond the location of wounding.

    Scar tissue that has developed out of control can become big and restrict movement.

    Hypertrophic scars don’t expand or spread beyond the damaged area, unlike keloids.

  • Flat Scars

    As you can figure out from the name, flat scars are flat on the surface of your skin.

    These may be raised at first, but with time they flatten out.

    What makes them a scar is that they are a little lighter or darker than the surrounding skin tone.

    These scars can be stubborn and might even stay with you for a lifetime.


    You want to treat them.

    There are various treatments for these scars.

    We know you have waited to read this.

    So, finally, let’s take a look at the treatments.

Treatments of Facial Scars

Several facial scar treatments can reduce your scars and make them less noticeable just like you wished for.

A dermatologist might recommend your treatment or a combination of multiple treatments.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics uses state-of-the-art technologies to give you the best treatment.

Plus, you get personal as well as professional care from us.

Facial scar treatment depends on the following factors:

– Type of the scar
– Size of the scar
– Location of the scar on the face
– Your age and scar’s age
– Whether the scar is causing you pain

So what are these treatments we are talking about?

  • Chemical peels

    Chemical peels are made up of mild acids that are applied to the skin in a single layer.

    As a result, the epidermis (top layer of skin) exfoliates and peels away, revealing a new less scarred layer of the skin.

  • Laser Resurfacing

    Damaged collagen beneath the epidermis is heated using a laser. The wound-healing response of the body is used to produce new, healthy collagen.

    This encourages the growth of new skin to take the place of the old.

    Ablative and Non-Ablative laser resurfacing are the two types of laser resurfacing.

    Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics can assist you in deciding which is the best option for you.

  • Fillers

    A chemical such as hyaluronic acid is injected into the location of the depressed scar to elevate the skin and improve the appearance.

  • Excision

    The dermatologist uses this technique is used by the dermatologist to an incision into the skin, remove the acne scar, and stitch up the wound.

    This is a significantly more successful and time-saving approach to treating these more troublesome scar types.

    It’s used to smooth out a scar.

  • Grafting

    During grafting, the doctor makes a hole in the skin, removes the scar, and replaces it with a plug of fresh skin.

    Skin plugs are generally retrieved from behind the ear lobe after they have been placed in the treatment region.

    The plugs are cemented in place for about a week to allow them to recover. It results in a smoother scar that can be rejuvenated with a skin resurfacing procedure.

  • Subcision

    In this technique, a needle is used to cut apart fibrous bands that pull scar tissue down into the lower parts of your skin.

    This treatment raises a depressed scar while simultaneously causing collagen to be secreted at the needle insertion site.

    The skin is released so that it can resurface and lay flat naturally.

  • Microneedling Radio Frequency (MNRF)

    Small sterile needles are used to make microscopic holes in the skin during this process.

    This is done without injuring the epidermis at various depths, such as acne scars.

    The use of Radiofrequency energy by needles causes direct heating of the dermis, resulting in new collagen production and dermal(skin) thickening.

Depending on the factors we mentioned above, these treatments are divided into different grades of mild, moderate, and severe.

A combination of these treatments can be advised by the dermatologist to minimize the appearance of the scar effectively.

A Word from Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics…

Facial scars are a very common thing as we all know.

But some extreme ones can even lead to skin cancer.

They do not only affect you physically.

But whenever you want to show up in public, you might feel hesitant because of it.

Your social life matters to you, right?

So what do you plan to do?

Life’s all about balancing the physical and mental aspects and facial scars don’t hold the power to make you feel down.

Book a consultation and get rid of your facial scars today !

Skin Pigmentation




Have you been noticing the part of your skin changing color lately?

Are you confused about how to proceed with it?

Worry not, you will find all your answers on this blog.

This sudden change might not seem like a big deal at first glance.

However, it can escalate to an extreme level if not handled correctly.

The best dermatologist can assist you and help you better understand your problem.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics will help you look deep into this problem before it’s treated.

There are a variety of factors that lead to skin pigmentation.

And also causes you a variety of stress.

It can be mentally difficult to deal with at first.

But as you get to know your problem, you will know what steps to take and what treatment you go for.

So let’s not wait anymore.

Table of Contents

  • What is Skin Pigmentation?
  • Skin Pigment Disorders/Discoloration
  • Treatment of Skin Pigmentation
  • A Word From Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics…

What is Skin Pigmentation?

The change in the color of your skin due to melanin production is skin pigmentation.

Your skin tone is the product of a complex process in which melanocytes generate melanin.

Melanocytes are special cells found in the outer layer of your skin

Melanin is a pigment, dark brown or black in color and is found in human skin, hair, and the iris of the eye.

It is what gives them a unique color.

Melanosomes are organelles or mini-organs found inside these unique melanocytes.

The number, size, and functioning of these small melanin factories determine the color of your skin.

Your body’s melanin production may cause your skin to become darker or lighter.

Some pigmentation disorders only affect small areas of the skin.

Others have an impact on your entire body.

  • Eumelanin is a brown and black substance.

    It protects your skin by reducing the amount of damaging ultraviolet (UV) rays it receives.

    These rays can get through and collect reactive oxygen radicals.

    And if these oxygen radicals are left unchecked, they can damage your cells and DNA.

    And, can also lead to chronic health problems like cancer.

  • Pheomelanin, on the contrary, is yellow and red in color.

    Unlike eumelanin, pheomelanin offers minimal UV protection.

    But, it may even encourage the development of reactive oxygen radicals and the resulting damage.

The balance of various forms of melanin in your skin determines your skin pigmentation.

This varies depending on various factors, like,

  • Interactions with other cells in your body,
  • Ethnic variation, genes and geographical location
  • Environmental factors like sun exposure and pollution
  • Your skincare
  • Diet, and nutrition

Trigger shifts in the balance of melanin can cause different types of discoloration, also called skin pigment disorders.

Let’s take a look at them.

Skin Pigment Disorders/Discoloration

Your skin can lighten, darken, or change color due to pigment disorders, accidents, or other changes in your body.

You may notice changes in your skin tone across the entire surface of your skin or only in specific regions.

1. Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is the cause of skin to darken.

When there is an excessively high amount of melanin or other pigments, hyperpigmentation occurs.

It can:

  • appear in small patches.
  • cover huge areas of your skin
  • impact and spread through the whole body

In most cases, increased pigmentation is not that harmful or painful.

But, it could be a sign of underlying health conditions that you need to get checked for.

Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics can assist you before it’s too late to diagnose it.

Let’s take a look at some common types of hyperpigmentation disorders.

  • Melasma
    Hormonal changes are thought to be the cause, and it can occur during pregnancy.

    Hyperpigmentation can affect any part of the body, but it most typically affects the stomach and face.

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a type of transitory pigmentation that occurs after a skin injury.

    Such as a heat burn or an inflammatory illness.

    Damage to the epidermis and/or dermis causes melanin deposition inside the keratinocytes, also known as skin cells.

    This is what results in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

  • Sunspots
    Sunspots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, are a common occurrence.

    They’re linked to long-term overexposure to the sun.

    They usually emerge as patches on sun-exposed areas such as the hands and face.

Various factors influence your skin to darken and are as crucial as the types of hyperpigmentation.

What causes hyperpigmentation disorders?
  • Exposure to the sun
  • Certain medications or drugs like birth control tablets
  • Pregnancy
  • Scars
  • Acne scars
  • Age spots
  • Cryotherapy, laser therapy, or light therapy
  • Addison’s disease

2. Hypopigmentation

When enough skin cells are not producing enough melanin, it causes your skin to lighten more than your overall skin tone.

It can either cover your body or occur as spots in many areas.

Melanin disruption can be caused by genetic and severe environmental conditions.

It’s important to identify the root cause before undergoing treatment.

And that is exactly what Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics does.

There are various types of hypopigmentation that occur on your skin due to various causes.

Let’s understand these types a little better.

These are some of the most common conditions or types of hypopigmentation:

  • Albinism
    Albinism is characterized by exceedingly pale skin with little to no pigment.

    The hair may turn white and the eyes may turn bright blue due to this genetic disease.

    Albino people are born with the disorder as a result of a genetic abnormality.

  • Vitiligo
    Vitiligo, like albinism, is characterized by lighter skin.

    However, rather than a general loss of color, this occurs in patches that cover your skin.

    Vitiligo’s exact cause is unknown.

    This disorder can cause lighter patches of skin to appear anywhere on the body.

  • Tinea versicolor
    Tinea (pityriasis) Versicolor is a fungal illness caused by an overabundance of yeast on the skin.

    Though it does not cause difficulties, the scaly areas that arise might be bothersome.

    American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), states that this is one of the most common skin illnesses among people who live in tropical or subtropical countries.

    Because these environments enable the fungus to proliferate.

    If you sweat a lot or have oily skin, you may be more susceptible to tinea versicolor.

  • Pityriasis alba
    Pityriasis alba refers to white areas that remain after prior episodes of red, scaly, and rough skin patches have healed.

    Over time, this condition usually heals on its own.

    Pityriasis alba has no known etiology, though it is assumed to be associated with eczema.

    This is a condition that some children develop as adults.

Reduction in melanin production can be caused by a number of factors.

Some of them are hereditary diseases that cause lighter skin all over the body.

Others, such as burns, are linked to earlier injuries.

Hypopigmentation caused by an accident can also evolve into a secondary disorder.

Some of these causes of hypopigmentation are:

  • Skin infections
  • Healed blisters
  • Scars
  • Burns
  • Psoriasis
  • Dermatitis

In order to cure hypopigmentation caused by rashes, you must first treat the illnesses that produced the rashes in the first place.

Your doctor will prescribe appropriate antifungal or antibiotic drugs for fungal or bacterial infections.

And then you can make a visit to a dermatologist for treatment.

Treatment of Skin Pigmentation

Are you wondering if pigmentation can be removed?

Skin discolorations are treated differently depending on the reason.

Certain types of skin discoloration can be treated with over-the-counter products, while some skin conditions require continuous care from a dermatologist.

  • Topical treatment
    Lightening creams are OTC (over-the-counter) treatments that use a combination of chemicals to help reduce pigmentation.

    Flat spots, such as melasma or age spots, are best treated with lightning creams or gels.

    They work well for discolored areas on most skin types.

    Face acids, also known as skin acids, exfoliate or shed the top layer of your skin.

    When you exfoliate your skin, fresh skin cells replace the ones that have been removed.

    The procedure helps to balance out your skin tone and smooth it out.

    For mild hyperpigmentation and fairer skin.

    Your doctor may give you topical steroids to help with discoloration or to add color to lighter skin.

    When there is dryness and irritation, as well as hypopigmentation, a moisturizing lotion may be utilized.

    When applied daily, a topical preparation containing coal tar has been shown to assist vitiligo patients.

    However, it must be prescribed by a licensed medical expert.

  • Dermabrasion
    Dermabrasion removes your epidermis, but its effects extend to a portion of your dermis as well.

    Microdermabrasion can be performed as well for superficial scars because it only affects the epidermis.

    In both the procedures, the dermatologist uses a wire brush or other abrasive attachment to a drill-like portable instrument.

    It is moved across the skin gently yet rapidly to remove the epidermis.

  • Chemical peels
    A chemical peel treats the chosen area of skin with acids in higher concentrations.

    They remove the epidermis to lessen the appearance of hyperpigmentation.

    Deeper versions may potentially reach your skin’s main layer (dermis) for more dramatic outcomes.

  • Laser resurfacing or therapy
    To minimize hyperpigmentation, laser resurfacing therapy uses targeted light beams.

    They destroy elements in your skin for new skin cells to grow back which are more toned.

    Ablative and non-ablative lasers are the two types of lasers.

    The strongest lasers are ablative lasers, which remove layers of your skin.

    Non-ablative techniques, on the other hand, focus on the dermis to encourage collagen production and tightening.

A Word from Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics…

Any change in skin tone might be alarming or distressing.

It’s natural to feel concerned, ashamed, or frustrated about having to cope with skin damage or a chronic skin condition that causes you to change your look.

In such situations, don’t hesitate to reach out to a dermatologist who can provide you with proper medical attention and personal care.

Finding such a dermatologist can feel like a needle in a haystack.

But, Opulence Dermatology & Aesthetics personally helps you cope up with your conditions and encourages your aesthetic requirements.

Your time and your dermatological issues are valuable to us, and we will stay with you at every step.

Let’s try not to lose confidence or hope; book a consultation today!